Expectancy Theory


Definition: Expectancy Theory is an employee motivation model by Victor Vroom based on the idea that individuals decide and act based on 3 interacting beliefs:
- Valence (personal goals, things they value)
- Expectancy (performance, what they believe they can achieve)
- Instrumentality (outcome, if they perform well, will they be rewarded).
Behavior is a result from individual conscious choices among alternatives, trying to maximize pleasure and to minimize pain.



More on expectancy theory. More on behavior and motivation: Attribution Theory, Burnout, Employee Commitment, Employee Involvement, Employee Motivation, more...


© 2020 MBA Brief - Last updated: 29-3-2020  -  Privacy   |   Terms