Expectancy Theory


Definition: Expectancy Theory is an employee motivation model by Victor Vroom based on the idea that individuals decide and act based on 3 interacting beliefs:
- Valence (personal goals, things they value)
- Expectancy (performance, what they believe they can achieve)
- Instrumentality (outcome, if they perform well, will they be rewarded).
Behavior is a result from individual conscious choices among alternatives, trying to maximize pleasure and to minimize pain.



More on expectancy theory.
More on behavior and motivation: Attribution Theory, Employee Commitment, Employee Involvement, Employee Motivation, ERG Theory, more...


MBA Brief offers brief, yet very accurate definitions of MBA concepts, frameworks, methods and models. We keep it short and provide some links in case you'd like to learn more around a subject.

© 2021 MBA Brief - Last updated: 21-1-2021  -  Privacy   |   Terms