Definition: Employee Commitment is the psychological attachment and the resulting loyalty of an employee to an organization.
According to Kanter ('68) there are 3 types of EC: Continuance, Cohesion and Control Commitment.
According to Meyer and Allen (1991) there are 3 mindsets for an employee to be commited to an organization:
1. AFFECTIVE COMMITMENT: positive feelings of identification with, attachment to, and involvement in the organization.
2. NORMATIVE COMMITMENT: feelings of obligation to remain with the organization resulting from values and beliefs.
3. CONTINUANCE COMMITMENT: the result of the perceived cost associated with leaving.
Similar to employee involvement.
More on behavior and motivation: Attribution Theory, Employee Involvement, Employee Motivation, ERG Theory, Expectancy Theory, more...
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