Definition: Employee Participation is the practice of allowing employees to participate in organizational decision making.
While senior managers still retain final decision making authority when participatory management is practiced, employees are encouraged to voice their opinions about their working conditions in a safe environment, protected from the potential defensiveness of middle managers who they might criticize.
EP grew out of the human relations movement in the 1920s, and is based on some of the principles discovered by scholars doing research in management and organization studies, such as the Hawthorne Effect.
More on decision making: Centralization, Chain of Command, Decentralization, Delegation, Employee Empowerment, more...
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