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Ten Schools of Thought


Definition: the Ten Schools of Thought is a classification by Mintzberg ('98) into 10 ways to look at the field of strategy formation (SF):
1. Design School. Sees SF as a process of conception
2. Planning School. Sees SF as a formal process
3. Positioning School. Sees SF an analytical process
4. Entrepreneurial School. Sees SF as a visionary process
5. Cognitive School. Sees SF as a mental process
6. Learning School. Sees SF as an emergent process
7. Power School. Sees SF as a process of negotiation
8. Cultural School. Sees SF as a collective process
9. Environmental School. Sees SF as a reactive process
10. Configuration School. Sees SF as a process of transformation


Learn more about the Ten Schools of Thought.

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