Learning From Mistakes


Definition: Learning From Mistakes is needed to do things better in the future. But how exactly should we deal with moments of failure? Roese (2016) developed a mental protocol – based on counterfactual thinking – with 5 steps that one can use in such setback situations:
1. Upward Counterfactual
2. Upward Counterfactual Part 2
3. Same Outcome Through Different Path
4. Other Outcome Through Same Path
5. Downward Counterfactual
These 5 steps help create a nuanced picture of the situation. After the above steps you are better able to identify the true causes of the actual outcome.



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