Definition: Path-Goal Theory is a leadership style model by Robert House ('71) stating that the behavior of leaders is contingent to the situation and subordinate.
According to House, leader or managers should guide their employees to choose the best paths to reach their goal, as well as the organizational goals. Depending on the nature and demands of the situation, and on the follower (employee) personality (locus of control, experience and perceived ability), 4 different leadership behaviors should be engaded:
1. Achievement-oriented leader behavior
2. Directive leader behavior
3. Participative leader behavior
4. Supportive leader behavior
Is a form of contingency theory.
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